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Scientific Name:Cephalopholis taeniops

Common Names:African Grouper, African Hind, Blue Mask Grouper

Found on sandy and rocky bottoms. Diandric protogynous hermaphrodite.

Origin: Africa 
Max Size: 27 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The African Grouper needs to be fed meaty foods. These diets should contain krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel.

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Scientific Name:Cephalopholis argus

Common Names:Argus Grouper, Blue Dot Grouper, Blue Spot Grouper, Peacock Hind

A generally common species found in a variety of coral habitats from tide pools to depths of at least 40 m; prefers the 1 to 10 m reef zone. Juvenile prefers shallow, protected coral thickets. Benthic and benthopelagic. Feeds mainly on fishes (75-95%) and to a lesser extent on crustaceans. In the Red Sea, it feeds early in the morning and late afternoon; but at Madagascar, it appears to feed more at night. Implicated in ciguatera at some of the islands in Pacific region. In Hong Kong live fish markets.

Origin: Hawaii, Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Sumatra
Max Size: 24 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Argus Grouper diet should consist of large chunk of meaty foods. This diet should include krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel.

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Scientific Name:Hypoplectrus nigricans

Common Names:Black Hamlet,

A solitary species inhabiting shallow reefs. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans. Often found near the bottom around soft and hard corals. Occasionally been seen spawning with the H. chlorurus.

Origin: Carribean 
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Black Hamlet needs to be fed meaty foods. These diets should contain krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel.

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Scientific Name:Epinephelus flavocaeruleus

Common Names:Blue and Yellow Grouper,

Juveniles inhabit shallow reefs while adults are found on deeper reefs. Feeds on a variety of fishes, crabs, shrimps, spiny lobsters, squids, and small octopi. Solitary.

Origin: Indian Ocean 
Max Size: 35 "
Recommended Tank: 150 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Blue and Yellow Grouper needs to be fed meaty foods. These diets should contain krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel.

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Scientific Name:Pogonoperca punctata

Common Names:Clown Grouper, Leaflip Soapfish, Spotted Soapfish, Snowflake Soapfish

Sporadic distribution and habitat specific, preferring large coral heads on slopes prone to moderate currents. Adults usually in 20+ m depth; juveniles in shallow lagoons or protected bays. Minimum depth reported taken from.

Origin: Africa, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Maldives 
Max Size: 14 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Clown Grouper needs to be fed a varied diet of meaty foods. This diet must contain krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel.

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Scientific Name:Cephalopholis fulva

Common Names:Coney Grouper, Leopard Hind

Adults prefer coral reefs and clear water. In the Gulf of Mexico, they are found in clear deep reefs (at least 45 m). At Bermuda and the West Indies, they are common in shallow water, but they usually hide in caves or under ledges during the day. The species is protogynous with females maturing at 16 cm TL and transforming to males at about 20 cm. Males are territorial. Feed mainly on small fishes and crustaceans. May follow morays and snake eels to feed on flushed preys. Wary, but approachable.

Origin: Western Atlantic 
Max Size: 16 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Coney Grouper is carnivores and needs a diet rich in meaty foods such as frozen krill, squid, feeder fish and fresh seafood.

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Scientific Name:Hypoplectrus indigo

Common Names:Indigo Hamlet,

A solitary species inhabiting coral reefs.

Origin: Carribean 
Max Size: 5.5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Indigo Hamlet is an carnivorous fish and fond of meaty foods 2-3 times daily. These diets should include mysis and brine shrimp, high quality meaty frozen foods, squid, clams and high quality commercial pellets.

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Scientific Name:Epinephelus lanceolatus

Common Names:Lanceolatus Grouper, Bumble Bee Grouper, Giant Grouper, Lanceolatus Grouper

The largest bony fish found in coral reefs. Common in shallow waters. Found in caves or wrecks; also in estuaries. Individuals more than a meter long have been caught from shore and in harbors. Juveniles secretive in reefs and rarely seen. Benthopelagic and benthic. Feed on spiny lobsters, fishes, including small sharks and batoids, and juvenile sea turtles and crustaceans. In South African estuaries, the main prey item is the mud crab, Scylla serrata. Unconfirmed reports of fatal attacks on humans. Nearly wiped out in heavily fished areas. In the Hong Kong live fish markets. Large individuals may be ciguatoxic.

Origin: Indo-Pacific 
Max Size: 106 "
Recommended Tank: 300 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Lanceolatus Grouper requires to be fed a varied diet of meaty foods. This diet must contain krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel.

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Recommended Tank: gallons
Care Level:
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Scientific Name:Cephalopholis miniata

Common Names:Miniatus Grouper, Blue Spot Rockcod, Coral Hind, Coral Grouper, Miniata Grouper

Inhabit clear waters of coral reefs; more often found in exposed rather than protected reef areas. Feed on fishes (80%, mainly Pseudanthias squamipinnis) and crustaceans. Form haremic groups comprising of a dominant male and 2 to 12 females. These groups occupy territories of up to 475 sq m subdivided into secondary territories and defended by a single female. Generally common.

Origin: Fiji, Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, Red Sea, Sri Lanka
Max Size: 16 "
Recommended Tank: 120 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Miniatus Grouper tenders of large chunk of meaty foods. This diet should include krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel.

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Scientific Name:Cromileptes altivelis

Common Names:Panther Grouper, Barramundi Cod, Humpback Grouper, Panther Fish, Polka Dot Grouper

Generally inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs and are typically found in dead or silty areas. Also found around coral reefs and in tide pools. Growth is very slow. Feed on small fishes and crustaceans. Artificial spawning was accomplished by Tang et al. 1979 where eggs are buoyant, 0.80-0.83 mm in diameter with a single oil droplet; larvae died after 7 days. Juveniles are commonly caught for the aquarium trade while adults are utilized as a food fish. In Hong Kong live fish markets.

Origin: Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Tank-Raised
Max Size: 24 "
Recommended Tank: 180 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Panther Grouper feeds on large chunk of meaty foods. These diets should include krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel. Offer freeze-dried krill soaked in Selcon, feeder goldfish in the aquarium.

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Scientific Name:Cephalopholis polleni

Common Names:Polleni Grouper, Harlequin Hind, Harlequin Rockcod

Sporadic distribution. Occurs only at oceanic islands. Inhabits clear waters of steep drop-offs; rarely seen in less than 30 m. It has been taken in depths of 120 m and may occur deeper. Also found in caves and crevices. Often swims upside-down against the roofs of caves or archways. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans. Solitary.

Origin: Indo-Pacific 
Max Size: 17 "
Recommended Tank: 150 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Polleni Grouper prefers to eat meaty foods. These diets should include krill, shrimp, and other small fish.

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Scientific Name:Cephalopholis urodeta

Common Names:Red V-Tail Grouper, Banded-tail Coral-cod, Darkfin Hind, Flagtail Grouper, Red Flag Grouper

Inhabits clear, shallow waters of outer reef areas. Also found in lagoons, back-reef areas, and on the reef-top. Prefers healthy coral reef in shallow area therefore is greatly affected by reef degredation. Feeds on small fishes (68%) and crustaceans. Solitary.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, Vanuatu
Max Size: 11 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Red V-Tail Grouper prefers to eat meaty foods. These diets should include krill, shrimp, and other small fish.

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Scientific Name:Epinephelus spilotoceps

Common Names:Saddle Grouper, Four Saddle Grouper

Occurs in lagoon patch reefs, the upper slopes of channels, and reef margins. Carnivorous. Nothing has been published on its biology. Solitary.

Origin: Indonesia
Max Size: 14 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Saddle Grouper prefers to eat meaty foods. These diets should include krill, shrimp, and other small fish. Offer freeze-dried krill soaked in Selcon, feeder goldfish in the aquarium.

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Scientific Name:Plectropomus maculatus

Common Names:Spotted Coral Grouper, Coral Grouper, Coral Trout Grouper

Found in protected coastal reef in mixed algae and coral habitat. Common on inshore coastal reefs but absent in clear offshore reefs. Juveniles have a demersal existence in shallow water in reef habitats, especially around coral rubble. Migrate over short distances to spawn, forming aggregations. May move into shallow water to feed. Eggs float just below the water surface. Pelagic larvae are found in habitats similar to those of the adults. Juveniles feed on small fish and invertebrates such as crustaceans and squid. Commonly used for food. Its flesh is delicate and well appreciated. Solitary.

Origin: Indonesia, Maldives
Max Size: 36 "
Recommended Tank: 400 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Spotted Coral Grouper prefers to eat meaty foods. These diets should include krill, shrimp, and other small fish. Offer freeze-dried krill soaked in Selcon, feeder goldfish in the aquarium.

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