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Scientific Name:Microcanthus strigatus

Common Names:Australian Stripey,

Inhabits coastal and lagoon reefs. Found in dense aggregations under ledges and in caves during the day. Benthopelagic. Young feeds on small crustaceans and algae.

Origin: Australia
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 120 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Omnivore

Small: .75-1"; Medium: 1-2"; Large: 2-4"

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Scientific Name:Pentapodus caninus

Common Names:Banana Fish, Blue and Yellow Sea Bream, Small Toothed Whiptail

Usually found close to the bottom over coral reef areas. Feeds on small fishes and larger zooplankton, as well as on benthic organisms. Occurs solitary or in small groups.

Origin: Western Pacific 
Max Size: 13 "
Recommended Tank: 150 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Planktivore, Carnivore

Small: 2-3"; Medium: 3-5"; Large: 5-7"

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Scientific Name:Plotosus lineatus

Common Names:Coral Catfish, Striped Eel Catfish

The only catfish found in coral reefs. Also found in estuaries, tide pools and open coasts. Juveniles form dense ball-shaped schools of about 100 fish; adults are solitary or occur in smaller groups of around 20 and are known to hide under ledges during the day. Adults search and stir the sand incessantly for crustaceans, mollusks, worms, and sometimes fish. Oviparous, with demersal eggs and planktonic larvae. The highly venomous serrate spine of the first dorsal and each of the pectoral fins are dangerous, and even fatal in rare cases.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Red Sea, Africa, Hawaii 
Max Size: 12.5 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

Small: 1-2"; Medium: 2-4"; Large: 4-6"

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Scientific Name:Anomalops katoptron

Common Names:Flashlight Fish, Lantern Fish, Splitfin Flashlightfish, Twofin Flashlight Fish

Hides during the day and venture out at night to feed, tending to occur along steep drop-offs near caves on dark, moonless nights. Feeds on zooplankton. The large, deep water form is occasionally collected by fishing at depths of 200 to 400 m. Caught with cast nets in shallow waters of the Philippines. Forms aggregations.

Origin: Eastern Asia, Indo-Pacific, Japan 
Max Size: 14 "
Recommended Tank: 150 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

Small: .75-1"; Medium: 1-2"; Large: 2-4"

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Scientific Name:Bothus spp.

Common Names:Flounder, Assorted Flounder, Peacock Flounder, Plate Fish

Found in shallow waters, over sandy and muddy bottoms of the continental plateau. Feeds on benthic small fishes and invertebrates. Reproduction occurs between May and August. Small individuals adapt well in aquariums but require sufficient bottom areas.

Origin: Caribbean, Fiji, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Sri Lanka, Vanuatu
Max Size: 18 "
Recommended Tank: 150 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 2-3"; Medium: 3-5"; Large: 5-7"

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Scientific Name:Dactyloptena orientalis

Common Names:Flying Gunard, Oriental Helmut Gurnard, Oriental Flying Gunard

Inhabit coastal waters with sandy substrates; a shallow-living species, benthic in adults; only species found in oceanic islands. Solitary, well-camouflaged and slow-moving. Feed on crustaceans, clams, and small fish. May be caught using ring nets.

Origin: Africa, Hawaii, Indian Ocean, Indo-Pacific, Red Sea
Max Size: 15 "
Recommended Tank: 150 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 2-3"; Medium: 3-5"; Large: 5-7"

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Scientific Name:Gnathanodon speciosus

Common Names:Pilotfish - Tank-Raised, Golden Trevally or Golden Jack,

Adults occur in deep lagoon and seaward reefs where they feed by rooting for crustaceans and fossorial invertebrates in the sand but they also feed on small fishes. Small juveniles live among the tentacles of jellyfish. Adults form schools and are also noted for their behavior to closely swim around sharks and other large fishes, and also follow divers. Juveniles particularly display this piloting behavior to gain protection from likely predators. Marketed fresh and salted or dried. Juveniles are used in the aquarium trade.

Origin: Captive-Bred
Max Size: 2 "
Recommended Tank: 500 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Small: .75-1"; Medium: 1-2"; Large: 2-4"

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Scientific Name:Sphyraena barracuda

Common Names:Great Barracuda, Striped Barracuda

Found predominantly at or near the surface. Juvenile occurs among mangroves, estuaries and shallow sheltered inner reef areas; adult occurs in a wide range of habitats from murky inner harbors to open seas. Diurnal and solitary, but can also be found in small aggregations. Feeds on fishes, cephalopods and sometimes on shrimps. Sold fresh. Utilized also dried or salted. Although this species is ciguatoxic elsewhere throughout its range, it has not been reported to be poisonous in the eastern Atlantic. Rarely attacks humans, usually with one quick, fierce strike, which, although serious, is rarely fatal. The world's record on hook and line is a 5.5-ft. fish taken in the Bahamas that weighed 103 lbs.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Eastern Atlantic 
Max Size: 78 "
Recommended Tank: 1000 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 2-3"; Medium: 3-5"; Large: 5-7"

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Scientific Name:Caracanthus spp.

Common Names:Gumdrop Coral Croucher, Fuzzy Nut Goby

Origin: Coral Sea, Indian Ocean, Indo-Pacific
Max Size: 2 "
Recommended Tank: 24 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

Small: .75"-1.25"; Medium: 1.25-2.25"; Large: 2.25-3.5

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Scientific Name:Equetus acuminatus

Common Names:Hi-Hat, High-Hat

Occurs in clear waters of tropical islands, especially near coral reefs, but also in adjacent bays over rough bottom. Also often found under eroded edges of seagrass beds. Has been reared in captivity.

Origin: Caribbean
Max Size: 9 "
Recommended Tank: 70 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 1-2"; Medium: 2-3"; Large: 3-5"

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Scientific Name:Trachinops taeniatus

Common Names:Hulafish,

Adults occur inshore near reefs. Eggs are guarded by the male parent.

Origin: Australia 
Max Size: 3 "
Recommended Tank: 24 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

Small: .75-1"; Medium: 1-2"; Large: 2-4"

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Scientific Name:Equetus lanceolatus

Common Names:Jackknife Fish,

Inhabits bays and sounds; also deep coral reefs. Juveniles sometimes inshore. Easily approached. Has been reared in captivity. Feeds mainly on small shrimps and crabs, but also on polychaete worms and gastropod mollusks.

Origin: Caribbean 
Max Size: 9 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 1-2"; Medium: 2-4"; Large: 4-6"

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Scientific Name:Taeniznotus triacanthus

Common Names:Leaf Scorpionfish, Leaf Fish, Paper Fish

Inhabits reef flats, outer reef slopes, current-swept channels, and rarely on lagoon reefs. Benthic. Solitary and usually immobile among algae or seagrass but effects hip movements resembling that of a leaf falling down from a tree. Molts twice a month with the skin breaking off first in the head region. Has the habit of mimicking a dead leaf by swaying from side to side. Feeds on small crustaceans and fishes; also feeds on larvae. Venomous spines.

Origin: Africa, Hawaii, Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, Maldives
Max Size: 4 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 2-3"; Medium: 3-5"; Large: 5-7"

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Scientific Name:Selene vomer

Common Names:Lookdown, Threadfin Lookdown

Adults are found in shallow coastal waters, usually over hard or sandy bottoms. Juveniles may be encountered in estuarine areas and off sandy beaches. Found in schools, but may be encountered in small groups or in pairs. Adults feed on small crabs, shrimps, fishes, and worms. Flesh has excellent flavor. Marketed fresh.

Origin: Atlantic Ocean, Western Atlantic, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico 
Max Size: 19 "
Recommended Tank: 200 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 2-3"; Medium: 3-5"; Large: 5-7"

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Scientific Name:Zanclus cornutus

Common Names:Moorish Idol, Kihikihi

Inhabit turbid inner lagoons, reef flats, and clear seaward rocky and coral reefs. Benthopelagic. Generally encountered in small groups of 2 or 3 individuals. Adults occur singly, in pairs and occasionally are seen in large schools. Feed on small encrusting animals. Size of metamorphosis from postlarva to juvenile is 7.5 cm. The long pelagic larval stage is the reason for the wide distribution and strong colouration that shows no geographical variation. Popular aquarium fish but rarely survives in tanks.

Origin: Australia ,Hawaii, Indo-Pacific, Tahiti, Vanuatu
Max Size: 9 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

Small: 2-3"; Medium: 3-5"; Large: 5-7"

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Scientific Name:Gnathanodon speciosus

Common Names:Pilotfish - Tank-Raised, Golden Trevally or Golden Jack,

Adults occur in deep lagoon and seaward reefs where they feed by rooting for crustaceans and fossorial invertebrates in the sand but they also feed on small fishes. Small juveniles live among the tentacles of jellyfish. Adults form schools and are also noted for their behavior to closely swim around sharks and other large fishes, and also follow divers. Juveniles particularly display this piloting behavior to gain protection from likely predators. Marketed fresh and salted or dried. Juveniles are used in the aquarium trade.

Origin: Captive-Bred
Max Size: 2 "
Recommended Tank: 500 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Small: .75-1"; Medium: 1-2"; Large: 2-4"

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Scientific Name:Monocentris japonicus

Common Names:Pineconefish,

Found in the sublittoral zone, under ledges and caves of rocky reefs. Forms schools. Adults are found between 20 and 200 m depth, juveniles occasionally in shallower water. Regularly displayed in public aquaria.

Origin: Africa, Indo-Pacific, Japan,  Red Sea
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 1-2"; Medium: 2-4"; Large: 4-6"

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Scientific Name:Inimicus filamentosus

Common Names:Sea Goblin, Red Sea Walkman, Two Stick Stingfish

Inhabits sand and rubble bottoms of coral reefs. Uncommon in markets.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, Red Sea, Sumatra,
Max Size: 10 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 2-3"; Medium: 3-5"; Large: 5-7"

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Scientific Name:Scolopsis bilineatus

Common Names:Two-line Monocle Bream,

Common on coral reefs. Adults occur on most reef habitats, usually in pairs, and juveniles inshore or in lagoons or rubble zones. Occurs singly or in small aggregations. Feeds on small fishes and benthic invertebrates. A protogynous hermaphrodite. Juvenile mimics poison-danged blenny Miacanthus grammistes, Batesian mimic.

Origin: Fiji
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 180 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 1-2" Medium: 2-3"; Large: 3-4"

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Scientific Name:Parupeneus barberinus

Common Names:Yellow Back Goatfish,

One of the most abundant species of Parupeneus. Inhabits large sand patches as well as sand and rubble areas of reef flats, and lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of about 100 m. Forages on sand-dwelling invertebrates like polychaete worms and crustaceans. Feeding is diurnal; from 19 adult specimens for food-habit study, the prey in order by volume in the stomachs: crabs (portunid, anomuran, xanthid, and raninid), worms (mainly polychaetes but also sipunculids and unidentified), small bivalve molluscs, brachiopods, shrimps, small gastropods, isopods, amphipods, foraminifera, and a small unidentified eel. Individuals from Palau and eastern Carolines often have a yellow band immediately above the broad black band extending behind the eye. Adults solitary or in small groups. Juveniles usually in small groups, often mixed with other species in sparse seagrass habitats.

Origin: Central Pacific
Max Size: 1.4 "
Recommended Tank: 125 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

Small: 1-2"; Medium: 2-3" Large: 3-4"

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