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Scientific Name:Coradion altivelis

Common Names:Altivelis Butterflyfish, Highfin Coralfish, Hi Fin Coradion Butterflyfish, Tawneygirdled Butterflyfish

A poorly known species. Found in inshore reefs in mixed algae and coral habitats and coastal drop-offs. Uncommon. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Australia
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

Feed the Altivelis Butterflyfish with a variety of meaty treats. This diet must include fish, crustaceans, mysis shrimp, and frozen marine preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon auriga

Common Names:Auriga Butterflyfish, Threadfin Butterflyfish

May be seen in a variety of habitats ranging from rich coral reefs to weedy and rubble covered areas. Benthopelagic. Maybe found singly, in pairs, and in aggregations that roam over large distances in search of food. Feed mainly by tearing pieces from polychaetes, sea anemones, coral polyps, and algae. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Africa, Indonesia, Fiji, Hawaii, Maldives, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Tonga
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The Auriga Butterflyfish is an easier fish to feed and will most accept a variety of diet. Its diet should include frozen mysis shrimp, fresh or flake food, crustacean flesh, marine fish and prepared frozen preparations to keep it healthy and thrive.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon striatus

Common Names:Banded Butterflyfish,

Inhabit coral reefs. Occur singly or in pairs. Feed on polychaete worms, coral polyps, crustaceans and mollusk eggs. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding. Adults may form plankton-feeding aggregations of up to 20 individuals, and occasionally clean other reef fishes which join the group, such as grunts, parrotfishes and surgeon fishes. Generally common.

Origin: Brazil, Caribbean, West Atlantic
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Banded Butterflyfish is a carnivorous fish and feed on polychaete worms, coral polyps, crustaceans and mollusk eggs. In the aquarium, It will most accept invertebrates and supplement its diet with a variety of meaty preparations and vitamin enriched or color enhancing food.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon bennetti

Common Names:Bennett's Butterflyfish, Bluelashed Butterflyfish

Occur in lagoon and seaward reefs in areas with rich coral growth. Juveniles may be found in shallow Acropora thickets. Adults occur in pairs. Omnivorous. Feed on coral polyps. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. This species is extremely difficult to maintain in an aquarium and is very rarely imported.

Origin: Australia, Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Western Pacific
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Feed the Bennett's Butterflyfish with a variety of meaty treats. This diet must include fish, crustaceans, mysis shrimp, and frozen marine preparations.

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Scientific Name:Heniochus acuminatus

Common Names:Black & White Heniochos, Longfin Bannerfish, Poor Man's Moorish Idol

Inhabit deep, protected lagoons and channels, and the deeper parts of outer reef slopes. Juveniles are often solitary while adults occur in pairs. A planktivorous species that generally remains within a few meters of the reef. Juveniles may sometimes pick on parasites on the epidermis of other fish. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Africa, Central Pacific, Fiji, Indonesia, Solomon Islands
Max Size: 10 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Planktivore

The Black & White Heniochos likes to eat a diet of live brine, worms, a good angel or marine formula and a spirulina formula, small meaty treats and herbivorous preparations. It prefers to feed at least 2 times daily.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon melannotus

Common Names:Black Back Butterflyfish, Melannotus Butterflyfish

Usually solitary or in pairs in coral-rich areas of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs to a depth of over 15 m. Juveniles inshore. In pairs or traveling in small groups. Feed on octocorallian and scleractinian coral polyps. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Easy to maintain in the aquarium.

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia, Papau New Guinea, Red Sea
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The diet of the Black Back Butterflyfish should include meaty preparations. To enhance color, provide vitamin enrich or color enhancing.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon argentatus

Common Names:Black Pearlscale Butterflyfish, Asian Butterfly, Black & White Butterfly

Inhabit rocky areas and coral reefs. Often in pairs or groups. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Indonesia, Japan
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Planktivore

The Black Pearlscale Butterflyfish is a carnivorous fish and a coral polyp eater. It prefers to eat mysis shrimp, brine shrimp, cyclop–eeze and frozen marine preparations. For grazing filamentous algae must be included in the aquarium.

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Scientific Name:Pseudochaetodon nigrirostris

Common Names:Blacknosed Butterflyfish, Barberfish

Often in large schools over coral and rocky reefs. Feed on algae, gastropods, and small crustaceans. Pick parasites from larger fishes like Paranthias colonus and Mulloides dentatus. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Central America, Eastern Pacific, Mexico
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The diet for the Blacknosed Butterflyfish should include meaty diets. This diet consist of worms, shrimps, clams and similar. Normally accept not only live food but also frozen and dried food as well.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon fremblii

Common Names:Blue Stripe Butterflyfish,

Inhabit areas with rock or coral. Benthopelagic. Prey on the tentacles of tubeworms and other invertebrates. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Hawaii
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The diet of the Blue Stripe Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon plebeius

Common Names:Bluespot Butterflyfish, Blueblotch Butterflyfish

Feed mainly on polyps of Acropora corals in lagoons and outer reefs. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding. Clean parasites from other fishes.

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia, indo-Pacific, Maldives
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Bluespot Butterflyfish is a carnivorous fish and can be fed a varied diet of meaty treats. This diet should include mysis shrimp; vitamin enriched brine shrimp, finely chopped fresh sea foods such as squid.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon burgessi

Common Names:Burgess' Butterflyfish,

Occur in drop-offs where gorgonians and black corals are abundant. Usually in depths over 40 m, but in some localities much shallower (Ref. 48636); usually in depths less than 40 m in East Indian region, solitarily or in pairs. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. They do well in the aquarium and are exported from the Philippines.

Origin: Australia, Fiji, Indo-Pacific, Indonesia
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

In the aquarium, the Burgess' Butterflyfish prefers to eat frozen and freeze-dried diets containing algae. It is good idea to supplement with dried algae and vitamin enriched brine and mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon burgessi x tinker 

Common Names:Burgess Hybrid Butterflyfish,

Origin: Pacific Ocean
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The diet of the Burgess Hybrid Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Prognathodes aculeatus

Common Names:Caribbean Longnose Butterflyfish, Atlantic Longnose Butterflyfish, Longsnout Butterflyfish, Rosy Butterflyfish

Inhabit deep coral-rich reefs and drop-offs. Feed on small invertebrates. Often seen nibbling on the tube feet of sea urchins or the tentacles of tubeworms. Unlike some chaetodonts it does not pick parasites from the bodies of other fishes. Solitary, sometimes in pairs. Seek refuge when approached. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Brazil, Western Atlantic
Max Size: 4 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

In the aquarium, the Caribbean Longnose Butterflyfish prefers to eat frozen and freeze-dried diets containing algae. It is good idea to supplement with dried algae and vitamin enriched brine and mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chelmon rostratus

Common Names:Copperband Butterflyfish, Beaked Butterfly, Beaked Coralfish, Orange Stripe Butterfly

A common species found singly and in pairs along rocky shores and coral reefs; also in estuaries and silty inner reefs. Territorial species. Oviparous, monogamous. Forms pairs during breeding.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Australia 
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

It can be hard to feed the Copperband Butterflyfish in an aquarium when introduced first. Try to feed live enriched brine shrimp at first and then slowly offer more frozen food and less live food. Once it has begun to eat, you can steadily train to accept fresh and frozen foods for instance crustacean flesh and shrimps. Nourish the Copperband Butterflyfish in small amounts throughout the day. It prefers to eat vitamin brine shrimp, live clams or black mussels, mysis shrimp and any frozen carnivore preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon declivis

Common Names:Declivis Butterflyfish, Marquesan Butterflyfish, Marquesas Butterflyfish

Found over rocky and sandy bottoms. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Because of its limited distribution and deep dwelling habits, it will probably remain unknown in the aquarium trade.

Origin: Christmas Island
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The diet for the Declivis Butterflyfish should consist of frozen and freeze-dried diets containing algae. It is important to supplement with dried algae and vitamin enriched brine and mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon pelewensis

Common Names:Dot-Dash Butterflyfish, Pelewensis Butterflyfish, Sunset Butterflyfish

Feed mainly on coral polyps and small benthic invertebrates. Oviparous, monogamous. Adults usually paired during breeding, but juveniles solitary. Can adapt easily to tank life and willingly accept nearly all kinds of food offered.

Origin: Cook Islands, Southern Pacific
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

As a shy and deliberate feeder, it can be difficult to feed the Dot-Dash Butterflyfish. Feed a varied diet of frozen and live foods. This diet should include mysis shrimp, vitamin enriched brine shrimp, frozen whole cockle and seaweed based foods.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon ulietensis

Common Names:Double Saddle Butterflyfish, False Falcula Butterflyfish, Pacific Double-Saddle Butterflyfish

Occur in coral-rich areas of lagoon reefs and less commonly in seaward reefs. Juveniles in harbors and estuaries. Benthopelagic. Usually solitary, in pairs or in small groups. Feed on plant and animal material. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding. Can be easily maintained in tanks.

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Papua New Guinea
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The Double Saddle Butterflyfish do well with meaty foods. Its diet should include mysis shrimp, crustacean meat, and frozen preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon flavirostris

Common Names:Dusky Butterflyfish, Black Butterflyfish, Orange-Nosed Butterfly

Found in coral rich to algae-covered rocky areas of lagoon and seaward reefs including estuarine areas. Usually paired. Omnivorous and feeds on algae, coral, and small benthic invertebrates. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Maintaining this species in captivity is difficult.

Origin: Australia, Coral Sea
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 125 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

In captivity it is difficult to feed the Dusky Butterflyfish and fond of coral polyps, benthic invertebrates and algae in the wild. At the time of beginning, it is best to offer vitamin-enriched fresh clams. Once start eating, offer vitamin-enriched mysis and brine shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon octofasciatus

Common Names:Eight Lined Butterflyfish, Eight-Banded Butterflyfish

Swim in pairs in coral rich areas of sheltered lagoon and inshore reefs; juveniles seen in groups among Acropora corals. Feed exclusively on coral polyps. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Indonesia
Max Size: 4.5 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The diet of the Eight Lined Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon falcula

Common Names:Falcula Butterflyfish, Blackwedged Butterflyfish, Saddle Back Butterflyfish, Sickle Butterflyfish, True Falcula Butterflyfish

Found on the reef edge and upper slope. Usually in current-prone habitats; juveniles secretive in corals. Generally seen in pairs or in small aggregations. Feed mainly on invertebrates. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Indian Ocean species counterpart of sibling Chaetodon ulietensis which is found in western and central Pacific.

Origin: Indian Ocean 
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

Try to entice the Falcula Butterflyfish with a small anemone or rock of aiptaisia. Normally it will learn to adjust its new diet of tankmates. It prefers to eat a diet of small meaty foods, as well as other commercially frozen preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon flavirostris

Common Names:Dusky Butterflyfish, Black Butterflyfish, Orange-Nosed Butterfly

Found in coral rich to algae-covered rocky areas of lagoon and seaward reefs including estuarine areas. Usually paired. Omnivorous and feeds on algae, coral, and small benthic invertebrates. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Maintaining this species in captivity is difficult.

Origin: Australia, Coral Sea
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 125 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

In captivity it is difficult to feed the Dusky Butterflyfish and fond of coral polyps, benthic invertebrates and algae in the wild. At the time of beginning, it is best to offer vitamin-enriched fresh clams. Once start eating, offer vitamin-enriched mysis and brine shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon capistratus

Common Names:Foureye Butterflyfish, Four Eyed Butterflyfish

Inhabit shallow reefs and generally occurs singly or in pairs. Feed mainly on zoantharians, polychaete worms, gorgonians and tunicates. Easily approached. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Caribbean, Western Atlantic
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The Foureye Butterflyfish is a carnivorous fish and in the beginning, it can be difficult to feed. Feed the Foureye Butterflyfish vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, clam, and mashed squid or shrimp. When eat happily, offer mysis shrimp and frozen carnivore preparations at least 3 times per day.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon quadrimaculatus

Common Names:Fourspot Butterflyfish,

Found almost exclusively on exposed seaward reefs. Benthopelagic. Feed mainly on polyps of Pocillopora. Solitary or in pairs. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Hawaii, Western Pacific
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The diet of the Fourspot Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon semilarvatus

Common Names:Golden Butterflyfish, Blue Mask Butterflyfish, Bluecheek Butterflyfish, Golden Semilarvatus Butterflyfish, Red-lined Butterflyfish

A common species found in areas where there is rich coral growth. Often seen in pairs or small aggregations. Occasionally observed hovering in a stationary position for extended periods under ledges of Acropora plate corals. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Red Sea
Max Size: 9 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

In the beginning, the Golden Butterflyfish prefers to eat a diet that is vitamin enriched

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Scientific Name:Heniochus varius

Common Names:Horned Heniochus, Humphead Bannerfish, Heniochus Brown Butterflyfish

Occur in deep lagoons and steep outer reef slopes, with mixed algae and coral growth. Solitary or in small groups. Feed on corals and other invertebrates. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Maximum depth reported taken from.

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Tonga
Max Size: 7.5 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Horned Heniochus prefers to eat meaty foods. Its diet should include mysis shrimp, crustacean meat, and frozen preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon mitratus

Common Names:Indian Butterflyfish, Mitratus Butterflyfish

Not much is known of this deep-dwelling butterfly, but recent observations indicate that it can form small groups of up to 5 individuals and inhabits steep outer reef drop-offs in rubble areas or among growths of black coral and sea fans. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Indian Ocean
Max Size: 5.5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The Indian Butterflyfish is an omnivorous fish and feed on mostly meaty foods. This food should include dried flakes, shrimps, and frozen preparations. It prefers to feed at least 3 times daily.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon decussatus

Common Names:Indian Vagabond Butterflyfish,

Found on rich coral reefs, also on rubble and rocky areas. Adults in pairs, juveniles solitary. Closely related to C. vagabundus. Home ranging. Feeds largely on algae and coral polyps, but captive ones will accept a wide variety of food. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Excellent aquarium fish.

Origin: Indian Ocean 
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet:

The Indian Vagabond Butterflyfish likes to eat a diet of live brine, worms, a good angel or marine formula and a spirulina formula, small meaty treats and herbivorous preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon kleini

Common Names:Klein's Butterflyfish, Brown Butterflyfish, Blacklip Butterflyfish, Corallicola Butterflyfish, Sunburst Butterflyfish, Orange Butterflyfish

Occur in deeper lagoons and channels, and seaward reefs. Benthopelagic. Depth 2-61 m, usually below 10 m. Occur singly or in pairs. Common, omnivorous individuals that feed mainly on soft coral polyps (mainly on Sarcophyton tracheliophorum and Litophyton viridis), algae and zooplankton. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Africa, Hawaii, Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

Its diet should consist of meaty item and feed at least 3 times a day. This diet should include fish, crustaceans, mysis shrimp, and frozen marine preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon kleinii

Common Names:Klein's Butterflyfish, Blacklip Butterflyfish, Brown Butterflyfish, Corallicola Butterflyfish, Sunburst Butterflyfish

Occur in deeper lagoons and channels, and seaward reefs. Benthopelagic. Depth 2-61 m, usually below 10 m. Occur singly or in pairs. Common, omnivorous individuals that feed mainly on soft coral polyps (mainly on Sarcophyton tracheliophorum and Litophyton viridis), algae and zooplankton. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Africa, Hawaii, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The Klein's Butterflyfish prefers to eat meaty foods and feed at least 3 times per day. Its diet should include mysis shrimp, crustacean meat, and frozen preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon miliaris

Common Names:Lemon Butterflyfish, Millet Butterflyfish, Milletseed Butterflyfish

Inhabit shallow reef flats. Benthopelagic. Form schools at midwater to feed on plankton and benthic invertebrates. Also on shallow seamounts. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Hawaii
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Planktivore

Feed a diet rich in finely chopped meaty treats. This diet should include marine fish, crustacean meat, and mysis shrimp. To enhance the yellow color, offer vitamin enriched formula with the meats.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon lineolatus

Common Names:Lined Butterflyfish,

Occur in lagoon and seaward reefs, usually in pairs in coral rich areas. Benthopelagic. Feed mainly on coral polyps and anemones, but also on small invertebrates and algae. Largest species in the genus. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Hawaii, Indonesia, Red Sea
Max Size: 12 "
Recommended Tank: 120 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The Lined Butterflyfish is fond of anemones and coral polyps and then slowly introduces small invertebrates and algae such as small shrimp. It is difficult to feed algae based food like algae flakes. So encourage the growth of natural algae in the aquarium.

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Scientific Name:Chelmon marginalis

Common Names:Marginalis Butterflyfish, Margined Coralfish

Inhabit coastal reefs. Usually solitary. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Australia
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The diet of the Marginalis Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon mertensii

Common Names:Mertensii Butterflyfish, Atoll Butterflyfish, Chevron Butterflyfish, Crowned Pearlscale Butterflyfish, Orangetail Butterflyfish

Inhabit deep lagoons and seaward reefs. Occur singly or in pairs. Feed on algae and small benthic invertebrates. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. May hybridize with C. xanthurus.

Origin: Fiji, Indian Ocean, Indonesia, New Caledonia
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The natural diet of the Mertensii Butterfkyfish mainly consists of meaty foods like anemones, coral polyps, benthic invertebrates and sponges. In the aquarium, it prefers to eat a diet of meaty foods such as live, frozen, and vitamin enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, krill, chopped clams, mussels, crabmeat and sponges. Feed at least 2 times daily.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon meyeri

Common Names:Meyer's Butterflyfish, Scrawled Butterflyfish

Occur in coral rich areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs, and feed exclusively on coral polyps. Juvenile usually solitary among branching corals, adults usually paired and home-ranging. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Indian Ocean, Indonesia
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

A specialized diet for the Meyer's Butterflyfish is coral polyps. Feed a varied diet of vitamin enriched live brine shrimp, mashed squid, crustacean flesh, mysid shrimp and frozen preparations. Feed at least 3 times per day.

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Scientific Name:Chelmon muelleri

Common Names:Muelleri Butterflyfish, Blackfin Coralfish

Prefer algae covered and mud bottoms areas of estuaries and coastal reefs. Usually occur in pairs. Feed on small benthic invertebrates. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Australia
Max Size: 7.5 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

As a shy fish, it is difficult to feed the Muelleri Butterflyfish. It likes to consume a varied diet of frozen and live foods. This diet should include mysis shrimp, vitamin enriched brine shrimp, or frozen whole cockle.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon larvatus

Common Names:Orange Face Butterflyfish, Hooded Butterflyfish, Masked Butterflyfish

Usually seen in pairs, frequently in association with plate-like heads of Acropora coral. Feed mainly on coral polyps. Territorial. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Red Sea
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The Orange Face Butterflyfish prefers a diet of varied meaty treats and feed 2 times per day. This diet should include dried flakes, shrimps, spirulina, sponge based frozen foods.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon ornatissimus

Common Names:Ornate Butterflyfish, Clown Butterflyfish

Occur in clear waters and coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs. However, only common in seaward reefs. Benthopelagic. Juveniles are solitary, living among branching corals, while adults are almost always in pairs and are home-ranging. Feed exclusively on coral tissue. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Hawaii, Indonesia
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Ornate Butterflyfish do best on a diet that is rich in meaty treats and green foods. This diet should include clams, mysis and brine shrimp, high quality flake and pellet foods as well as high quality frozen foods.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon collare

Common Names:Pakistan Butterflyfish, Collare Butterflyfish, Red Tail Butterflyfish, Red-Tailed Butterflyfish

Occur in coral reefs in pairs or several aggregations. Juveniles in estuaries. Commonly exported to Europe and America, but quite difficult to acclimate to aquarium conditions. Feed on coral polyps. Usually found on reef edge and upper slope. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Sri Lanka
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

Feed a varied diet of marine fish, crustacean flesh, brine shrimp, and frozen meaty preparations. Feed in small amounts for several times throughout the day.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon xanthrusus

Common Names:Pearlscale Butterflyfish, Crowned Pearlscaled Butterflyfish, Yellowtail Butterflyfish

Clear coastal to outer reef slopes and drop-offs. Found around staghorn corals. The only member of the family with a crosshatch pattern of dark lines on the sides. Generally seen below 15 m depth and occurs singly or in pairs. Feed on small benthic invertebrates and algae, similar to C. mertensii. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Japan, Western Pacific
Max Size: 5.5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

It prefers a diet that may rich in meaty preparations. This diet should include frozen, freeze-dried, fresh or flake food, vegetable food source and vitamin-boosting supplements.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon guttatissimus

Common Names:Pebbled Butterflyfish, Peppered Butterflyfish, Spotted Butterflyfish

Inhabit lagoon and seaward reefs. Occur in pairs or small groups. Feed on polychaetes, coral polyps, and algae. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Indian Ocean, Red Sea 
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

It prefers a diet that may rich in meaty preparations. This diet should include frozen, freeze-dried, fresh or flake food, vegetable food source and vitamin-boosting supplements.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon punctatofasciatus

Common Names:Punctato Butterflyfish, Dot Dash Butterflyfish, Spot Banded Butterflyfish

Common in coral rich areas and clear waters of lagoon and seaward reefs. Sometimes found on outer subtidal reef flats. Juveniles secretive. Feed on filamentous algae, corals, and benthic invertebrates. Often in pairs during breeding, monogamous. Oviparous. Occasionally hybridize with C. pelewensis in the southern part of its range.

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia, Western Pacific
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The diet for the Punctato Butterflyfish should include finely chopped seafood meats and algae-based meals.

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Scientific Name:Hemitaurichthys polylepis

Common Names:Pyramid Butterflyfish, Yellow Zoster Butterflyfish, Yellow Pyramid Butterflyfish

Occur in large schools that may extend several meters above the edges of steep current-swept outer reef slopes. Common. Benthopelagic. Feed on plankton. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Central Pacific, Hawaii, Indoensia, Indo-Pacific, Papua New Guinea
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Planktivore

The diet foe the Pyramid Butterflyfish should include frozen and freeze-dried foods. It is a good idea to supplement with dried algae as well as vitamin enriched brine or mysis shrimp and algae are best substitutes.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon lunula

Common Names:Raccoon Butterflyfish,

Nocturnal species that is usually in pairs or small groups in shallow reef flats of lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of over 30 m. Juvenile occurs among rocks of inner reef flats and in tide pools. Benthopelagic. Adult feeds mainly on nudibranchs, tubeworm tentacles, and other benthic invertebrates, also feeds on algae and coral polyps. Oviparous. Forms pairs during breeding.

Origin: Fiji, Hawaii, Indonesia, Maldives, Papua New Guinea, Tahiti
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The Raccoon Butterflyfish is not a fussy eater and tries to entice it by offering small anemone. It prefers a diet of small meaty foods and frozen preparations. Once acclimated, it can be fed a varied diet of meaty foods, crustacean flesh and mysis shrimp several times daily.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon rafflesii

Common Names:Raffle's Butterflyfish, Latticed Butterflyfish

An uncommon species found in areas of rich coral growth of lagoon and protected reef flats and seaward reefs. Often in pairs. Feed on sea anemones, polychaetes, and octocorallian and scleractinian coral polyps. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. In captivity, this species should be fed algae stones and the so-called 'feeding stones' which are prepared by spreading the food pulp over the stone.

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Papua New Guinea
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Raffle's Butterflyfish is a carnivorous fish and needs a diet rich in meaty foods. Foods like mysis and brine shrimp as well as small pieces of fresh seafood can be offered to a Latticed Butterflyfish.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon rainfordi

Common Names:Rainford's Butterflyfish, Rainfordi Butterflyfish

Found in areas of sparse coral growth. Feed on algae and small benthic invertebrates. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Heavy algae growth should always be maintained in the aquarium.

Origin: Australia
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Rainford's Butterflyfish is fond of corals and has a hard time adjusting to a new diet. It is best to try a coral skeleton coated with mashed meats.

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Scientific Name:Heniochus intermedius

Common Names:Red Sea Bannerfish, Red Sea Heniochus

Found on coral slopes Juveniles in large groups at base of reef, sometimes with H. diphreutes; adults usually solitary or paired, occasionally in groups. Feed on zooplankton and benthic invertebrates. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Red Sea
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Planktivore

The Red Sea Bannerfish likes a diet of frozen, freeze-dried, fresh or flake food. It is good to offer vegetable food source and vitamin-boosting supplements.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon paucifasciatus

Common Names:Red Sea Chevron Butterflyfish, Crown Butterflyfish, Eritrean Butterflyfish, Red-Back Butterflyfish

Found over coral and rubble areas, in pairs or in small groups. Found to depths of 65 m. Feed on coral polyps, gorgonians, algae, polychaete worms and small crustaceans. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding. This attractive fish does well in aquarium surroundings and therefore highly prized by hobbyists.

Origin: Red Sea
Max Size: 5.5 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The diet of the Red Sea Chevron Butterflyfish must include dried seaweed, Spirulina based foods and vitamin enriched brine or mysis shrimp as well as finely chopped meaty foods.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon fasciatus

Common Names:Red Sea Raccoon Butterflyfish, Diagonal Butterflyfish, Raccoon Fasciatus Butterflyfish

Commonly found on reef flats. Usually solitary or in pairs in areas with rich coral growth. Monogamous. Feed mainly on coral polyps. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Red Sea
Max Size: 8.5 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Red Sea Raccoon Butterflyfish is fond of small anemone. It also prefers to eat a varied diet of meaty foods, crustacean flesh, mysis shrimp, and frozen preparations several times per day.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon reticulatus

Common Names:Reticulated Butterflyfish,

Relatively common on exposed seaward reefs; occasionally on shallow lagoon reefs in areas of rich coral growth and clear water. Juveniles in protected coral areas. Benthopelagic. In pairs in Indonesia but schools in some Pacific locations. Often in pairs during breeding and feed mainly on scleractinian coral polyps. Easily approached. Oviparous, monogamous.

Origin: Western Pacific
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The diet of the Reticulated Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon ephippium

Common Names:Saddleback Butterflyfish, Saddle Butterflyfish, Saddled Butterflyfish

Occur in lagoons and seaward reefs to a depth of 30 m, prefer coral-rich and clear water areas. Benthopelagic. Encountered singly, in pairs or small groups (adults often in pairs; juveniles solitary and inshore). Feed on filamentous algae, small invertebrates, coral polyps, and fish eggs. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Coral Sea, Fiji, Hawaii, Indonesia, Maldives, Malenesia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Tahiti, Tonga
Max Size: 12 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The diet of the Saddleback Butterflyfish mainly consists of meaty treats. It will eat most stony corals, a few soft corals, and invertebrates that inhabit any live rock.

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Scientific Name:Heniochus diphreutes

Common Names:Schooling Bannerfish,

Occur primarily along outer reef slopes, in current channels. Juveniles in aggregations around isolated patch reefs, adults in large schools well above the bottom. In Indonesia, adults most common in depth 40-50 m, reported to 200 m. Benthopelagic. Feed on plankton. Juveniles may act as cleaners; also observed in adults. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Africa, Central Pacific, Fiji, Indo-Pacific
Max Size: 8.5 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Planktivore

The diet of the Schooling Bannerfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon speculum

Common Names:Speculum Butterflyfish, Mirror Butterflyfish, Oval Spot Butterflyfish

In coastal reef slopes rich with hydroids and anemones. Small juveniles secretive in coral thickets. Usually solitary and relatively uncommon. Feed on coral polyps and invertebrates. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Indonesia, Western Pacific
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Speculum Butterflyfish prefers a diet of meaty treats 3 times per day. This diet should include brine shrimp, clam, mussels, or mashed squid, crustacean flesh, mysid shrimp, and frozen preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon trichrous

Common Names:Tahitian Butterflyfish, Tahiti Butterflyfish

Found in lagoon reefs, usually solitary or paired. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Tahiti
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The diet of the Tahitian Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp. In order to keep the color bighting, vitamin A formula with the meats should be provided.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon unimaculatus

Common Names:Teardrop Butterflyfish,

Occur in small groups in reef flats, clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Benthopelagic. Feed on soft and hard corals, also on polychaetes, small crustaceans, and filamentous algae. In Indonesia, usually seen at moderate depths, usually swimming in small groups. Adults are mainly in depth 20-60 m. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Africa, Fiji, Hawaii, Indonesia, Melanesia,Red Sea, Tahiti
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The Teardrop Butterflyfish are coral pickers and in the aquarium its diet should be include meaty foods like vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, chopped krill, bloodworms, nori, marine algae, and high quality flake food preparations.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon tinkeri

Common Names:Tinker's Buterflyfish, Hawaiian Butterflyfish, Tinkerii Butterflyfish

Often found in the vicinity of steep slopes, solitary or in pairs and occasionally in small aggregations. Benthopelagic. Feed on a variety of planktonic and benthic organisms. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. High-priced aquarium export.

Origin: Hawaii
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The diet of the Tinker's Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon vagabundus

Common Names:Vagabond Butterflyfish,

Found in reef flats, lagoon and seaward reefs and sometimes in turbid waters subject to freshwater runoff. Swim in pairs. Omnivorous, feed on algae, coral polyps, crustaceans and worms. Oviparous, monogamous. Stable monogamous pairs with both pair members jointly defending a feeding territory against other pairs, but often accompanies other species without being aggressive. Easily maintained in tanks.

Origin: Coral Sea, Fiji, Indonesia, Indo-pacific, Maldives
Max Size: 9 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Vagabond Butterflyfish will graze on any filamentous algae in the aquarium. Once fully acclimated, they will learn to accept freeze-dried and other prepared foods for instance high quality, Spirulina-based pellets and flakes, prepared marine algae and other vegetable matter. Feed at least 1-2 times per day.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon mesoleucos

Common Names:White Face Butterflyfish,

Inhabit coral reefs and usually seen in pairs. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Red Sea
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The diet of the White Face Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon wiebeli

Common Names:Wiebeli Butterflyfish, Hong Kong Butterflyfish, Japanese Masked Butterflyfish

Occur in rocky and coral reef areas, where they are found in pairs and small groups. Feed on algae. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: China Sea, Japan, Northern Indonesia
Max Size: 7.5 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The diet of the Wiebeli Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon daedalma

Common Names:Wrought Iron Butterflyfish,

Inhabit clear and outer waters; usually more than 10 meters deep. Adults form schools of more than 10 individuals and migrate over a wide area. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Occasionally kept in captivity by Japanese aquarists but is rarely exported.

Origin: Japan
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level:
Temperament:
Reef Safe:
Diet:

The Wrought Iron Butterflyfish requires a diet that is rich in meaty foods and others green foods as well as several vegetables.

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Scientific Name:Chaetodon xanthocephalus

Common Names:Yellow Head Butterflyfish,

Hybrids with C. ephippium known. Usually solitary, but may form loose shoals of 5-6 individuals and usually found around isolated coral heads. Territorial and aggressive to other chaetodonts; omnivorous. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding.

Origin: Indian Ocean
Max Size: 8 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level:
Temperament:
Reef Safe:
Diet:

The diet of the Yellow Head Butterflyfish should consist of meaty treats. This diet must include marine fish, crustacean meats, or mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Forcipiger flavissimus

Common Names:Yellow Longnose Butterflyfish, Forceps Fish

Common in exposed seaward reefs but also found in lagoon reefs. Benthopelagic. Solitary or in small groups of up to 5 individuals. Adults usually in pairs. Feed on a wide variety of animal prey including hydroids, fish eggs, small crustaceans but prefers tube feet of echinoderms, pedicilaria of sea urchins, and polychaete tentacles. Oviparous, monogamous. Form pairs during breeding. Second most important export in Hawaii.

Origin: Africa, Hawaii, Indonesia, Maldives, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea
Max Size: 9 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Yellow Longnose Butterflyfish do well with meaty foods. Its diet should include mysis shrimp, crustacean meat, and frozen preparations. Feed at least 3 times per day in order to sustain body weight.

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Scientific Name:Hemitaurichthys zoster

Common Names: Zoster Butterflyfish, Black Pyramid Butterflyfish, Brown & White Butterflyfish

Inhabit open water off the reef edge, to depths greater than 35 m. Form large schools. Feed on zooplankton and algae above the reef. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding. Replaced by H. polylepsis at Christmas and Cocos-Keeling Islands.

Origin: Africa, Indonesia, Sri Lanka
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Planktivore

The Zoster Butterflies requires a diet that may rich in frozen and freeze-dried foods containing algae. It is important to supplement with dried algae and vitamin enriched brine and mysis shrimp.

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