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Scientific Name:Pterapogon kauderni

Common Names:Banggai Cardinalfish, Kaudern's Cardinal, Longfin Cardinalfish

Common around the jetty, in silty sand bottoms with seagrass (Enhalus acoroides). Associated with Diadema setosum, the long-spined sea urchins. Individuals of 2 to 60 hover directly above the urchins, with the younger ones about 2-3 cm SL staying closer to the urchins. The fish retreat among the spines when threatened. Probably feed on small benthic and planktonic crustaceans at night. Male incubates the eggs until hatching; the large egg about 2.5 mm in diameter, with the young remaining within the mouth cavity for undetermined period after hatching. Newly hatched larvae have no planktonic period. Juveniles also use anemones for protection. Has been reared in captivity.

Origin: Indonesia
Max Size: 3 "
Recommended Tank: 20 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Banggai Cardinalfish requires a well balanced diet of meaty treats like feeder shrimp, marine flesh, bloodworms.

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Scientific Name:Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus

Common Names:Five Lined Cardinalfish, Toothed Cardinalfish

Inhabits reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of 40 m or more. Occurs singly or in small to large aggregations, taking shelter in dark crevices, branched coral, under ledges, and among the spines of Diadema setosum. Nocturnal species. Feeds on small crustaceans and gastropods, also on small fishes. Generally common. Has been reared in captivity.

Origin: Fiji
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

Offer the Five Lined Cardinalfish a well balanced diet of meaty foods such as feeder shrimp, flake foods, pellet foods, marine flesh, finely chopped seafood and bloodworms. If it doesn’t accept food, try feeding after the aquarium lights turn off.

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Scientific Name:Apogon maculatus

Common Names:Flame Cardinalfish, Flamefish

Commonly found along sea walls and pilings, in harbors, and coral reefs. A nocturnal species, it remains hidden in cracks and crevices during the day. Reaches depths of more than 100 m. Males with eggs have been spotted in Bahamas in June and July. Most common cardinalfish in the aquarium trade.

Origin: Caribbean, Costa Rica 
Max Size: 4.5 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Flame Cardinalfish requires a diet of frozen small meaty foods or finely chopped prepared foods. It is good to offer a well balanced diet of meaty foods such as feeder shrimp, flake foods, pellet foods, marine flesh, finely chopped seafood and bloodworms. If it doesn’t accept food, try feeding after the aquarium lights turn off. In order to enhance color, offer vitamin enriched and color enhancing frozen and flake foods along with meaty foods and live foods.

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Scientific Name:Ostorhinchus compressus

Common Names:Ochrestriped Cardinalfish, The Ochrestriped Cardinalfish requires a well-balanced diet of prepared carnivore foods along with feeder shrimp, flake foods, pellet foods, vitamin-enriched mysis and brine shrimp and depending on its size, live feeder fish.

Found in small aggregates among or near mounds of branching corals such as Porites cylindrica or P. nigrescens. Nocturnal species. Has been reared in captivity.

Origin: Indonesia
Max Size: 4.5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Ochrestriped Cardinalfish requires a well balanced diet of meaty treats like feeder shrimp, marine flesh, bloodworms.

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Scientific Name:Apogon cyanosoma

Common Names:Orangestriped Cardinalfish, Yellow Striped Cardinalfish

Inhabits sheltered clear water areas of lagoon and seaward reefs from depths of 1 to at least 49 m. Found in small or large aggregations under ledges, in holes, or even among long spines of sea urchins. Feeds on planktonic crustaceans and small invertebrates. Has been reared in captivity.

Origin: Australia, Fiji, Indonesia, Red Sea, Vanuatu
Max Size: 3 "
Recommended Tank: 20 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Orangestriped Cardinalfish requires a well balanced diet of meaty treats like feeder shrimp, marine flesh, bloodworms.

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Scientific Name:Sphaeramia orbicularis

Common Names:Orbic Cardinalfish, Orbiculate Cardinalfish, Polkadot Cardinalfish

Restricted to coastal waters, forming small aggregations among mangroves, rocks, debris, or piers of shallow sheltered shorelines. Feeds at night (early evening and just before day break), primarily on planktonic crustaceans. Courtship and spawning occur fortnightly (shortly before new moons and full moons). Eggs are incubated by the male for about 8 days. Larval phase pelagic. Sexual maturity is attained at 7 cm by males and at 6 cm by females.

Origin: Indonesia
Max Size: 4 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Orbic Cardinalfish requires a diet of frozen small meaty foods or finely chopped prepared foods. It is good to offer a well balanced diet of meaty foods such as feeder shrimp, flake foods, pellet foods, marine flesh, finely chopped seafood and bloodworms. If it doesn’t accept food, try feeding after the aquarium lights turn off.

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Scientific Name:Sphaeramia nematoptera

Common Names:Pajama Cardinalfish, Polka-dot Cardinalfish, Spotted Cardinalfish

Forms aggregations among the branches of Porites nigrescens and P. cylindrica in sheltered bays and lagoons. Disperses at night to feed close to the bottom. Has been reared in captivity. Popular aquarium fish.

Origin: Coral Sea, Fiji, Indnesia
Max Size: 3.5 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Pajama Cardinalfish requires a diet of frozen small meaty foods or finely chopped prepared foods 2-3 times per day. It is easy to feed the Pajama Cardinalfish and accept most food including flake foods. It is good to offer a well balanced diet of meaty foods such as feeder shrimp, flake foods, pellet foods, marine flesh, finely chopped seafood and bloodworms.

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Scientific Name:Apogon parvulus

Common Names:Red Spot Cardinalfish,

Found in schools around rocky reefs in bays, in current-prone areas.

Origin: Wester Pacific, Indonesia
Max Size: 1.5 "
Recommended Tank: 20 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Red Spot Cardinalfish requires a diet of frozen small meaty foods or finely chopped prepared foods. It is good to offer a well balanced diet of meaty foods such as feeder shrimp, flake foods, pellet foods, marine flesh, finely chopped seafood and bloodworms. If it doesn’t accept food, try feeding after the aquarium lights turn off.

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Scientific Name:Fowleria flammea

Common Names:Red Stop Light Cardinalfish,

Inhabits sheltered lagoon waters with scattered coral outcrops. Solitary and cryptic, seldom seen during day.

Origin: Indonesia
Max Size: 2.5 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Red Spot Light Cardinalfish requires a well balanced diet of meaty treats like feeder shrimp, marine flesh, bloodworms.

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Scientific Name:Apogon leptacanthus

Common Names:Threadfin Cardinalfish, Glass Cardinalfish, Longspine Cardinalfish

Dense aggregations (often mixed with other species, like Archamia fucata, A. zosterophora are found above mounds of branching coral Porites cylindrica in sheltered, often turbid bays and lagoons. Nocturnal species.

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia
Max Size: 2.5 "
Recommended Tank: 10 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Threadfin Cardinalfish requires a diet of frozen small meaty foods or finely chopped prepared foods. It is easy to feed the Threadfin Cardinalfish and accept most food including flake foods. It is good to offer a well balanced diet of meaty foods such as feeder shrimp, flake foods, pellet foods, marine flesh, finely chopped seafood and bloodworms. If it doesn’t accept food, try feeding after the aquarium lights turn off.

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