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Scientific Name:Canthigaster bennetti

Common Names:Bennett's Sharpnose Puffer,

Inhabits inner reef flats and sheltered lagoons. A common inshore species, often on algal or silty reefs and among attached Sargassum on shallow rubble flats. Solitary or in groups. Feeds mainly on filamentous green algae and to a lesser extent on fleshy and coralline red algae and on benthic invertebrates. Monogamous.

Origin: Fiji
Max Size: 4 "
Recommended Tank: 40 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

Meaty foods such as Offer squid, krill, clams, and hard shelled shrimp will help the Bennett's Sharpnose Pufferfish to wear down their ever growinh teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron nigropunctatus

Common Names:Yellow Belly Dogface Pufferfish, Arothron Dog Face Puffer, Blackspotted Puffer

Inhabit coastal to outer reef crest and slopes with rich invertebrate growth. Sometimes solitary. Adults often in pairs. Feed on corals (usually Acropora tips), crustaceans, mollusks, sponges, tunicates and algae. Generally common.

Origin: Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Solomon Islands 
Max Size: 13 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Yellow Belly Dogface Pufferfish Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Canthigaster solandri

Common Names:Blue Spot Toby Pufferfish, Blue Dot Sharp Nosed Puffer, Blue Spotted Puffer, Ocellated Toby, Solander's Toby

Inhabit sheltered rocky reefs. Also live in intertidal reef flats, lagoon and seaward reefs. Occur over open barren areas, also among corals and under ledges. Benthopelagic. Often found in pairs, sometimes in small groups. Feed mainly on filamentous red and green algae and coralline red algae but also on corals, tunicates, mollusks, echinoderms, polychaetes, crustaceans and bryozoans. Common. Monogamous.

Origin: Fiji, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Sumatra, Vanuatu
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The diet for the Blue Spot Toby Pufferfish requires a varied diet of meaty foods including; squid, krill, clams, and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down its ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron nigropunctatus

Common Names:Yellow Belly Dogface Pufferfish, Arothron Dog Face Puffer, Blackspotted Puffer

Inhabit coastal to outer reef crest and slopes with rich invertebrate growth. Sometimes solitary. Adults often in pairs. Feed on corals (usually Acropora tips), crustaceans, mollusks, sponges, tunicates and algae. Generally common.

Origin: Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Solomon Islands 
Max Size: 13 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Yellow Belly Dogface Pufferfish Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron nigropunctatus

Common Names:Yellow Belly Dogface Pufferfish, Arothron Dog Face Puffer, Blackspotted Puffer

Inhabit coastal to outer reef crest and slopes with rich invertebrate growth. Sometimes solitary. Adults often in pairs. Feed on corals (usually Acropora tips), crustaceans, mollusks, sponges, tunicates and algae. Generally common.

Origin: Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Solomon Islands 
Max Size: 13 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Yellow Belly Dogface Pufferfish Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron meleagris

Common Names:Guinea Fowl Pufferfish, Arothron Puffer, Golden Pufferfish, Sapo Pufferfish, Spotted Pufferfish

Occurs in coral-rich areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Prefers oceanic localities. Solitary. Benthopelagic. Feeds mainly on tips of branching corals and to a lesser extent on sponges, mollusks, bryozoans, tunicates, forams, algae, and detritus.

Origin: Africa, Costa Rica, Hawaii, Indo-Pacific, Indonesia 
Max Size: 20 "
Recommended Tank: 180 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Guinea Fowl Pufferfish likes a diet rich in meaty foods. To assist wear down its ever growing teeth, offer foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Arothron meleagris

Common Names:Guinea Fowl Pufferfish, Arothron Puffer, Golden Pufferfish, Sapo Pufferfish, Spotted Pufferfish

Occurs in coral-rich areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Prefers oceanic localities. Solitary. Benthopelagic. Feeds mainly on tips of branching corals and to a lesser extent on sponges, mollusks, bryozoans, tunicates, forams, algae, and detritus.

Origin: Africa, Costa Rica, Hawaii, Indo-Pacific, Indonesia 
Max Size: 20 "
Recommended Tank: 180 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Guinea Fowl Pufferfish likes a diet rich in meaty foods. To assist wear down its ever growing teeth, offer foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Canthigaster janthinoptera

Common Names:Honeycomb Toby Pufferfish, Honeycomb Puffer

Occurs in clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Found with sponges at various depths. Prefers sheltered areas in the form of holes in dead and living corals. Solitary or paired. Feeds on sponges, polychaetes, filamentous algae and on smaller quantities of tunicates, crustaceans, echinoderms and corals.

Origin: Africa , Indo-Pacific
Max Size: 3.5 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

Feed the Honeycomb Toby Pufferfish a varied diet of meaty foods. These diets should include squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Arothron immaculatus

Common Names:Immaculate Pufferfish, Immaculatus Puffer

Inhabits weedy areas, often in estuaries; seagrass beds and mangrove areas in 1-1.5 m. Solitary. Specimens caught by trawling over silty bottoms in 17 m.

Origin: Africa, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Maldives, Red Sea
Max Size: 12 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Immaculate Pufferfish requires a diet rich in meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Canthigaster leoparda

Common Names:Leopard Toby Pufferfish, Leopard Puffer

Lives in deep water habitats, usually along deep drop-offs in caves at more than 30 meters depth. Solitary or in pairs. Rare in caves of steep drop-offs.

Origin: Micronesia, Western Pacific 
Max Size: 4 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The Leopard Toby Pufferfish likes a varied of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams, and hard shelled shrimp to enhance wear down its ever-growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron manilensis

Common Names:Manila Pufferfish, Narrow Lined Puffer, Striped Pufferfish

Inhabits muddy substrates, usually shallow coastal slopes to about 20 meters depth and in shallow estuaries. Occurs in estuaries, sheltered reef flats, and lagoons to a depth of more than 17 m. Common in seagrass beds and sandy areas; juveniles found among mangroves. Benthopelagic.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, Maldives
Max Size: 12 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Manila Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron mappa

Common Names:Mappa Pufferfish, Map Pufferfish, Scribbled Arothron Puffer, Scribbled Toadfish

Occur in clear lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs. Solitary. Adults usually along deep drop-offs. Usually close to shelter. Occur singly. Feed on algae, sponges, and benthic invertebrates.

Origin: Africa, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific
Max Size: 25 "
Recommended Tank: 150 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Mappa Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron diadematus

Common Names:Masked Pufferfish, Panda Puffferfish

Inhabits coral-rich fringing reefs.

Origin: Indian Ocean , Red Sea
Max Size: 12 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The diet for the Masked Pufferfish should contain meaty foods. This diet must include squid, krill, clams, and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Cyclichthys orbicularis

Common Names:Orbiculate Pufferfish, Orbiculate Burrfish

Inhabit clear protected reefs with sponge and algal habitats. Often in large sponges during the day. Usually over sand and mud bottoms to at least 170 m. Occasionally on reefs. Active at night, feeding among reefs. A nocturnal species that presumably feeds on hard-shelled invertebrates.

Origin: Indo-Pacific 
Max Size: 11 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Orbiculate Pufferfish Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Diodon holocanthus

Common Names:Porcupine Pufferfish, Porcupine Pufferfish, Porcupinefish

Inhabit shallow reefs to open, soft bottoms. Also in areas with rocky substrata. Sometimes form groups. Occur on open muddy substrates as well as on rich soft-bottom and coral reefs. Juveniles often with floating Sargassum rafts. Young and sub-adults may form small groups. Benthopelagic. Juveniles pelagic to about 6-9 cm. Solitary. Feed on mollusks, sea urchins, hermit crabs, and crabs at night. Relatively poor swimmers. Used in Chinese medicine. Captured at the surface using a hand net.

Origin: Caribbean, Circumtropical 
Max Size: 14 "
Recommended Tank: 100 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Omnivore

The Porcupine Pufferfish requires a varied diet of large chunks of meaty foods. This diet should include krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel.

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Scientific Name:Arothron reticularis

Common Names:Reticulated Pufferfish, Fat Puffers

Occurs in shallow water reefs near sand or seaweed areas. Also found in estuaries and protected muddy bays; juveniles in mangroves and entering the lower reaches of streams. Solitary. Adults at moderate depths, often laying on the mud during the day. Feeds on corals, mollusks, and other sand-dwelling invertebrates.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, Maldives, Sri Lanka
Max Size: 17 "
Recommended Tank: 125 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Reticulated Pufferfish Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Canthigaster coronata

Common Names:Saddle Toby Pufferfish, Crowned Puffer, Crowned Toby, Four Bar Pufferfish, Saddle Puffer

Found mostly below depths of 23 m, but occasionally seen in as little as 6 m. Benthopelagic. Usually found on sand or sand and rubble bottom or algal flats, often in the vicinity of coral reefs. Feed on a wide variety of benthic organisms: gastropods, sponges, algae, bivalves, polychaetes, tunicates, crabs, sea urchins, heart urchins, brittle stars, bryozoans, peanut worms, various small crustaceans and foraminiferans.

Origin: Africa, Hawaii, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific
Max Size: 5 "
Recommended Tank: 40 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

The Saddle Toby Pufferfish Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Canthigaster rostrata

Common Names:Sharpnose Toby Pufferfish, Atlantic Toby

Inhabits reefs and marginal habitats such as seagrass beds. Diet consists of seagrass, sponges, crabs and other crustaceans, mollusks, polychaete worms, sea urchins, starfishes, hydroids and algae. Monogamous.

Origin: Western Atlantic 
Max Size: 4.5 "
Recommended Tank: 40 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The diet for the Sharpnose Toby Pufferfish should include seagrass, sponges, crabs and other crustaceans, mollusks, polychaete worms, sea urchins, starfishes, hydroids and algae.

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Scientific Name:Chilomycterus schoepfii

Common Names:Spiny Box Pufferfish, Schoepf's Burrfish, Spiny Box Pufferfish, Web Burrfish

Very common in seagrass beds in bays and coastal lagoons. Also found on shallow coastal reefs. Has been traded as an aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil.

Origin: Caribbean 
Max Size: 10 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Spiny Box Pufferfish Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron stellatus

Common Names:Starry Pufferfish, Starry Toadfish, Stellate Pufferfish

Relatively uncommon in patch reefs and coral slopes near sandy areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles occur in sandy and weedy inner reefs, adults on clear lagoons and seaward reefs. Juveniles inshore, usually on muddy substrates and often estuarine. Adults on deep slopes and range to outer reefs, sometimes swimming high above the substrate or just below the surface. Pelagic larvae may disperse over great distance and juveniles occur in subtropical zone. Enter estuaries. Considered as the giant among puffers reaching a total length well in excess of a meter.

Origin: Africa, Fiji, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Maldives, Red Sea, Vanuatu
Max Size: 47 "
Recommended Tank: 200 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Starry Pufferfish Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron hispidus

Common Names:Stars & Stripes Pufferfish, Fat Puffers, Hispid Pufferfish, Whitespotted Pufferfish

Inhabit outer reef slopes to depths of at least 50 m, inner reef flats and lagoons. Juveniles common in weedy areas of estuaries. Also found in coastal bays and estuaries, usually near rocky reef or on sand-stretches between reefs with low algae-rubble reef to about 20 meters depth, or in shallow with sparse seagrass growth. Benthopelagic. Usually solitary and territorial on sandy to rubble areas. Feed on fleshy, calcareous, or coralline algae, detritus, mollusks, tunicates, sponges, corals, zoanthid anemones, crabs, tube worms and echinoderms.

Origin: Africa, Fiji, Hawaii, Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Red Sea
Max Size: 19 "
Recommended Tank: 150 gallons
Care Level: Beginner
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Stars & Stripes Pufferfish diet should include large chunks of meaty foods. This diet must contain krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel. Offer hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Canthigaster valentini

Common Names:Valentini Toby Pufferfish, Black Saddles Pufferfish, Black Saddled Toby, Saddle Valentine Puffer, Saddled Toby

Found among coral heads and rocks of subtidal lagoon and seaward reefs. Common on coastal reefs at various depths. Mimic filefish, males are territorial and are often seen fighting. Feed mainly on filamentous green and red algae, tunicates, and on smaller amounts of corals, bryozoans, polychaetes, echinoderms, mollusks, and brown and coralline red algae. Form shoals (10-100 or more) often with the filefish, Paraluteres prionurus (about 5% of shoal) mimicking C. valentini to protect it from predators. Territorial and haremic; males spawn with a different female each day. One or more territories are occupied and defended each by a female where a single large male stands guard. All sexually mature females are territorial females. Demersal spawner.

Origin: Hawaii, Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, Sumatra
Max Size: 4.5 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Carnivore

The Valentini Toby Pufferfish prefers a varied diet of large chunks of meaty foods 2-3 times per day to preserve weight. This diet should contain krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel. It is important to supplement with some type of herbivore diet.

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Scientific Name:Canthigaster jactator

Common Names:Whitespotted Toby Pufferfish, Hawaiian Whitespotted Toby, Spotted Puffer, White Spot Hawaiian Puffer, White Spotted Sharpnose Puffer

Commonly found on lagoon and seaward reefs. Benthopelagic over coral, rock, rubble, and sand at 1-89 m. Feeds on sponges, algae, detritus, tunicates, polychaetes, bryozoans, sea urchins, brittle stars, crabs, peanut worms, shrimps, zoanthids, fishes, amphipods and foraminiferans.

Origin: Hawaii 
Max Size: 4.5 "
Recommended Tank: 40 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Caution
Diet: Omnivore

A varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams, and hard shelled shrimp will help the Whitespotted Toby Pufferfish to wear down their ever growing teeth.

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Scientific Name:Arothron nigropunctatus

Common Names:Yellow Belly Dogface Pufferfish, Arothron Dog Face Puffer, Blackspotted Puffer

Inhabit coastal to outer reef crest and slopes with rich invertebrate growth. Sometimes solitary. Adults often in pairs. Feed on corals (usually Acropora tips), crustaceans, mollusks, sponges, tunicates and algae. Generally common.

Origin: Indonesia, Indo-Pacific, Solomon Islands 
Max Size: 13 "
Recommended Tank: 75 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Reef Safe: No
Diet: Carnivore

The Yellow Belly Dogface Pufferfish Pufferfish needs a varied diet of meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth.

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