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Scientific Name:Doryrhamphus dactylophorus

Common Names:Banded Pipefish,

Adults inhabit tide pools, lagoons, and outer reef slopes. Found in caves and crevices. Ovoviviparous. Feeds on small invertebrates. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Have been reared in captivity. Solitary, pairs or in small aggregations in caves or under ledges.

Origin: Indo-Pacific 
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 40 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The diet for the Banded Pipefish should include live copepods in a mature reef aquarium with plenty of live rock or macro-algae. Nutramar Tigrio Bottled Live Copepods and vitamin-enriched live baby brine shrimp is an ideal food to start. With time, it may become accustomed to eating frozen CYCLOP-EEZE®, small Mysis, and Nutramar Ova. AlgaGen Tisbe biminiensis is the best food for this fish.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus barbouri

Common Names:Barbour's Seahorse, Zebra Snout Seahorse

Unlike most seahorses, this species is often found clinging to hard coral and doesn't seem to be worried about stingers. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Popular spiny seahorse in aquarium trade; often sold bleached for traditional Chinese medicine. OT=height length.

Origin: Western Pacific 
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Barbour's Seahorse prefers to eat live copepods with plenty of live rock or macro-algae. Nutramar Tigrio Bottled Live Copepods and vitamin-enriched live baby brine shrimp is an ideal food to start. With time, it may become accustomed to eating frozen CYCLOP-EEZE®, small Mysis, and Nutramar Ova. AlgaGen Tisbe biminiensis is the best food to feed.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus kuda

Common Names:Yellow Seahorse, Kuda Seahorse, Smooth Seahorse, Spotted Seahorse

Inhabit seagrass and marine algae areas of estuaries and seaward reefs; also on steep mud slopes. Found in open water and attached to drifting Sargassum up to 20 km from shore. Adults in pairs. Benthic to pelagic. Feeds on zooplankton. Ovoviviparous. The males carry the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Not shown to be monogamous in the laboratory. Very popular aquarium fish. Highly valued species in traditional Chinese medicine. Has been reared in captivity.

Origin: Australia, Indonesia
Max Size: 11 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Yellow Seahorse prefers to eat live foods. It can be trained to eat frozen foods. Offer a varied deit of mysis shrimp and brine shrimp as well as high quality prepared foods.

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Scientific Name:Doryrhamphus excisus

Common Names:Blue Stripe Pipefish,

Uncommon, cryptic species, prefers crevices in rocks and corals and areas beneath ledges. Occurs in lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of 45 m or more. Benthopelagic. Often seen in pairs. Uses its tubelike snout to ingest small crustaceans and plankton. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.

Origin: Africa, Indonesia, Red Sea
Max Size: 3 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Blue Stripe Pipefish prefers to eat live copepods with plenty of live rock or macro-algae. It is best to offer vitamin-enriched live baby brine shrimp. With time, it may become accustomed to eating frozen CYCLOP-EEZE®, small Mysis, and Nutramar Ova. AlgaGen Tisbe biminiensis is the best food for this fish.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus reidi 

Common Names:Tank Raised Orange/Yellow Seahorse, Long Snout Seahorse

Uncommon in most areas, but may be locally common in certain places. Usually attached to gorgonians or seagrasses but may occur in floating Sargassum or swimming freely in midwater. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Has been reared in captivity. Length type refers to Height (= from top of coronet to the tip of straightened tail).

Origin: Brazil , Western Atlantic
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Tank Raised Orange/Yellow Seahorse prefers to eat live foods. It can be trained to eat frozen foods. Offer a varied deit of mysis shrimp and brine shrimp as well as high quality prepared foods.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus kelloggi

Common Names:Great Seahorse,

Deep water species, associated with corals. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Japan, Red Sea
Max Size: 11 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Great Seahorse prefers to eat live foods. It may also eat frozen foods and mysis shrimp. It may graze on the live rock in the tank.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus ingens

Common Names:Ingen's Seahorse,

Nocturnal. Occur in offshore waters, mostly captured by dredging at 10 m or deeper. Occasionally caught at surface. Are often camouflaged within the branches of gorgonians and black coral trees where they are seen to curl their tail around the branches. Have been found in the stomachs of Pacific yellowfin tuna and bluefin tuna. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.

Origin: Captive-Bred
Max Size: 10 "
Recommended Tank: 40 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Ingen's Seahorse feed upon amphipods and other small crustaceans found in live rock. It also consumes vitamin-enriched adult brine shrimp. It may be trained to eat frozen mysis shrimp.

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Scientific Name:Doryrhamphus janssi

Common Names:Janss' Pipefish,

Found in tide pools and reef crevices. Also found in sheltered inner reefs, usually in caves with sponges and below large plate corals. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Very active cleaner and has cleaning station that is visited by apogonids and damsels where adults work in pairs. Minimum depth from Ref. 58018. Solitary or in pairs.

Origin: Indo-Pacific 
Max Size: 5.5 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Janss Pipefish prefers to eat live copepods with plenty of live rock or macro-algae. It is best to offer vitamin-enriched live baby brine shrimp. With time, it may become accustomed to eating frozen CYCLOP-EEZE®, small Mysis, and Nutramar Ova. AlgaGen Tisbe biminiensis is the best food for this fish.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus erectus

Common Names:Lined Seahorse,

Generally in coastal waters; often around man-made structures. Usually attached to gorgonians or seagrasses but may occur in floating Sargassum or swimming freely in midwater. Those that live in Sargassum usually have bony protuberances and fleshy tabs that may serve as camouflage. Has been reared in captivity. Move into deeper waters during winter. Feeds by sucking in small organisms, using its long face as a pipette. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Length type refers to Height (= from top of coronet to the tip of straightened tail).

Origin: Western Atlantic
Max Size: 7.5 "
Recommended Tank: 40 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Lined Seahorse prefers to eat frozen mysis shrimp 2 times per day.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus abdominalis

Common Names:Pot Belly Seahorse, Pig Belly Seahorse

Found in large rock pools at low tide. They remain motionless amidst seaweed. Juveniles are pelagic or attached to drifting seaweeds. Feed on minute crustaceans (e.g. copepods and amphipods). Nocturnal. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Seen in groups at night. Also around jetties and other man-made objects; attached to sponges and colonial hydroids in deeper water. Length measurements refer to height (= TL - head length). This is the largest seahorse species in southeastern Australia, and has more dorsal fin rays and tail rings than any other seahorse. Sold locally and internationally for the aquarium trade. Dried and sold to the Oriental medicine trade as a tonic and aphrodisiac.

Origin: Australia, Western Pacific
Max Size: 14 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The pot Belly Seahorse prefers to eat live copepods with plenty of live rock or macro-algae. Nutramar Tigrio Bottled Live Copepods and vitamin-enriched live baby brine shrimp is an ideal food to start. With time, it may become accustomed to eating frozen CYCLOP-EEZE®, small Mysis, and Nutramar Ova. AlgaGen Tisbe biminiensis is the best food to feed.

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Scientific Name:Aeoliscus strigatus

Common Names:Striped Shrimpfish, Razorfish

Form schools among the spines of Diadema or staghorn corals, and feed on minute crustaceans in the zooplankton. Remarkable for their strange body shape and swimming habit: the body is encased in an armor of thin, transparent plates; they swim in synchronized groups, each fish in a vertical position with the snout pointing downwards.

Origin: Indo-Pacific 
Max Size: 6 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

To entice the Striped Shrimpfish to eat, offer live saltwater feeder shrimp when introduce first into the aquarium. Its diet should include small live invertebrates such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, baby guppies, grass shrimp, mosquito larva and daphnia 3 times daily. AlgaGen Tisbe biminiensis is the best food for this fish.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus reidi 

Common Names:Tank Raised Orange/Yellow Seahorse, Long Snout Seahorse

Uncommon in most areas, but may be locally common in certain places. Usually attached to gorgonians or seagrasses but may occur in floating Sargassum or swimming freely in midwater. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Has been reared in captivity. Length type refers to Height (= from top of coronet to the tip of straightened tail).

Origin: Brazil , Western Atlantic
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Tank Raised Orange/Yellow Seahorse prefers to eat live foods. It can be trained to eat frozen foods. Offer a varied deit of mysis shrimp and brine shrimp as well as high quality prepared foods.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus comes

Common Names:Tiger Tail Seahorse,

Length type refers to Height (= from top of coronet to the tip of straightened tail). This species is mainly found in pairs on coral reefs, sponge gardens, kelp, and floating Sargassum. Nocturnal, site faithful. Feeds on zooplankton. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Life span probably more than 2-3 years. Used for traditional Chinese medicine.

Origin: Indonesia, Malasia
Max Size: 7 "
Recommended Tank: 30 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Tiger Tail Seahorse prefers to eat frozen mysis shrimp 2 times per day.

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Scientific Name:Doryrhamphus pessuliferus

Common Names:Yellow Banded Pipefish, Dagum-dagum , Ringed Pipefish, Yellow Multibanded Pipefish

Adults prefer muddy substrate and usually seen by divers in deep waters that are not disturbed by waves, but it enters shallow estuaries. Adults form pairs and usually swim along the bottom around large remote coral heads on mud slopes. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. An active cleaner. Solitary or pairs around isolated coral patches on sand/mud slopes.

Origin: Indo-Pacific, Western Central Pacific
Max Size: 7.5 "
Recommended Tank: 40 gallons
Care Level: Expert
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Yellow Banded Pipefish prefers to eat live copepods with plenty of live rock or macro-algae. Nutramar Tigrio Bottled Live Copepods and vitamin-enriched live baby brine shrimp is an ideal food to start. With time, it may become accustomed to eating frozen CYCLOP-EEZE®, small Mysis, and Nutramar Ova. AlgaGen Tisbe biminiensis is the best food to feed.

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Scientific Name:Hippocampus kuda

Common Names:Yellow Seahorse, Kuda Seahorse, Smooth Seahorse, Spotted Seahorse

Inhabit seagrass and marine algae areas of estuaries and seaward reefs; also on steep mud slopes. Found in open water and attached to drifting Sargassum up to 20 km from shore. Adults in pairs. Benthic to pelagic. Feeds on zooplankton. Ovoviviparous. The males carry the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Not shown to be monogamous in the laboratory. Very popular aquarium fish. Highly valued species in traditional Chinese medicine. Has been reared in captivity.

Origin: Australia, Indonesia
Max Size: 11 "
Recommended Tank: 50 gallons
Care Level: Intermediate
Temperament: Peaceful
Reef Safe: Yes
Diet: Carnivore

The Yellow Seahorse prefers to eat live foods. It can be trained to eat frozen foods. Offer a varied deit of mysis shrimp and brine shrimp as well as high quality prepared foods.

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